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Periodontal risk assessment – A comprehensive periodontal examination is necessary to ascertain the presenting condition of the patient. In addition to examining the patients periodontal status, information regarding the patient’s medical history, past dental history, and a thorough soft and hard tissue examination will allow the practitioner to formulate a complete set of diagnoses and […]

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The Periodontal Screening and Recording (PSR) Examination was developed in order to streamline the data gathering and record keeping for the screening of periodontal examination. The PSR exam is patterned after the Community periodontal Index of Treatment Needs CPITN of the World Health Organization (WHO). This kind of examination is very useful and fruitful since […]

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The periodontal examination data may be recorded on paper or saved in a digital format. There are many examples of periodontal charts. What Adjunctive Techniques Are Available to Help in the Diagnosis of the Periodontal Diseases or Other Periodontally-Related Diseases or Conditions? Bacterial culturing and sensitivity periodontal examination: Bacterial culturing is considered to be the […]

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Periodontal diagnosis and periodontal treatment planning are critical steps in the process of periodontal disease management. Diagnosis and treatment planning are the direct outcomes of a periodontal assessment. An accurate diagnosis and an effective periodontal treatment planning should be based upon a compressive assessment of periodontal signs and patient symptoms. The art of decision making […]

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The etiology of the periodontal disease is multifactorial, but bacterial plaque is necessary tor the initiation and progress kin of inflammatory periodontal disease. As indicated by the new Classification System for periodontal disease and Conditions, etiologic factors have become the framework for periodontal diagnosis and classification What Is Inflammation? Inflammation is a soft tissue cellular […]

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Gingivitis

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Gingivitis is inflammation of the gingival tissues in the absence of clinical attachment lost. It may be characterized by edema, erythema, increased gingival temperature, and occasionally pain. As the inflammation and loss of connective tissue is confined to the soft tissues, teeth are not in jeopardy of being lost. Gingivitis is ordinarily reversible with appropriate […]

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Periodontal disease classification- The 1989 World Workshop in Clinical Periodontics recommended the following categories of periodontitis. This system is the one most familiar to a majority of clinicians. I. Adult periodontitis Early-onset periodontitis A. Prepubertal periodontitis 1. Generalized 2. Localized B. Juvenile periodontitis 1. Generalized 2. Localized C. Rapidly progressive periodontitis Ill. Periodontitis associated with systemic […]

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Concepts about the etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of the periodontal infection have changed significantly over the years. New levels ot understanding are reflected in the periodontal disease classification systems for these diseases and conditions. The two most recent widely accepted classification systems of the periodontal infection and conditions were developed in 1989 and 1999. The […]

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Risk factors for periodontal disease – The expression risk in this context means that, in the presence of a given factor, injury to or loss of periodontal tissue is a possibility. Risk factors may be local or systemic in nature. Local contributing risk factors for periodontal disease fall into two general categories: Anatomic or iatrogenic. They […]

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This small group of putative periodontal pathogens possesses certain features in common. Most of them have a Gram- negative cell wall. The outer membrane of the Gram-negative cell wall contains lipopolysaccharide (LPS) which has endotoxin activity. Typically, LPS containing Gram- negative cell wall extracts are capable of promoting bone resorption, inhibiting osteogenesis, chemotaxis of neutrophils, […]

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