Jaw fracture usually occur due to trauma, such as, an automobile accident, a fall, a fight, etc. Fractures of the maxilla or mandible must be set into proper alignment to ensure complete healing.
The goal of setting a jaw fracture once the bone has been set in proper alignment is immobilization at the site of the fracture.
This can be accomplished by several different surgical methods including using wire or pins to hold the fracture site together.
This way the fracture site is pulled together joining the maxilla and mandibular arches together with the use of bars on the facial surfaces of the teeth of both arches and then wiring the arches together.
This is done by use of screws and metal plates to reposition and stabilize the jaw fracture site.