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Periodontitis

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Periodontitis – The framework of effective periodontal therapy includes a working diagnosis and classification of disease, the identification of pertinent etiologic factors, and a treatment plan that addresses each of the etiologic agents in a logical sequence. To ignore pertinent etiologic factors in the treatment plan will translate to under treatment and failure in periodontitis therapy. […]

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Four Methods of Disease Transmission that are of dental concern 1. Personal contact—Direct contact between two people, with one being infected with an active pathogen. 2. Carrier contact—Direct contact with a carrier of the pathogen who doesn’t exhibit signs or symptoms of disease. 3. Droplet infection—Pathogens spread by talking, sneezing, breathing, coughing, and through handpiece […]

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The herpes virus Varicella Zoster Virus is responsible for chicken pox (varicella) in young people and shingles (herpes zoster) in adults. Varicella virus is extremely communicable before the rash appears and until the sores have crusted over. The Varicella Zoster Virus enters the body through the respiratory mucous membranes and causes systemic disease characterized by […]

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Herpes Simplex

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The diseases classified as herpes simplex are systemic viral infections. They are characterized by: 1. A localized primary lesion, 2. Latency (the virus can remain hidden in the body), 3. The tendency of the virus to recur periodically. The herpes simplex virus can be found anywhere in the body and it attacks all segments of […]

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Dental malocclusion – Orthodontics is branch of dentistry which deals with the correction of tooth irregularities or malocclusion by means of braces or other orthodontic treatments or dental malocclusion. Correction of bad habits, movement of teeth, growth guidance, jaw orthopedics, and conservative treatment of the temporomandibular joint all fall under the auspices of the orthodontist. […]

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Alveolar osteitis

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A potential complication after tooth extraction is an alveolar osteitis (alveolitis), also known as a “dry socket.” It usually occurs three to four days after removal of a tooth. Alveolar osteitis is very painful condition occurs when the blood clot formed after the extraction does not hold to the bone in the socket and becomes […]

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Subgingival calculus

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Before we understand what subgingival calculus is let us first know what the word calculus means in dentistry. Calculus is the mineralized bacterial plaque that is formed on the surface of the natural teeth and on the dentures or dental prosthesis. Depending upon the location of the calculus in relation to the gingival margin, weather […]

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Dentinogenesis imperfecta is a hereditary defect of dentin that involves both the primary as well as the permanent dentition. The disease occurs in several forms and the three most common among them are: Type I dentinogenesis imperfecta, Type II dentinogenesis imperfecta, and Type III dentinogenesis imperfecta. The type I Dentinogenesis imperfecta is often associated with […]

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Amelogenesis imperfecta is a hereditary defect of tooth and is not associated with any other generalized defects. Since it is absolutely an ectodermal disorder, the mesodermal structures of the tooth like; dentin and pulp, etc. are always normal in this disease. Generally amelogenesis imperfecta is of three types: Hypoplastic type Hypocalcification type Hypomaturation type. Hypoplastic […]

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Enamel hypoplasia

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During the process of enamel formation, the ameloblast cells are susceptible to many external factors, the effects of which are reflected on the erupted tooth surface in the later life. Quantitatively defective enamel having normal thickness is called Enamel hypoplasia, while qualitatively defective enamel having normal thickness is known as enamel hypocalcification. Enamel hypoplasia actually […]

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