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Occlusal trauma

In occlusal trauma, the etiologic factor is any force in excess of the adaptive capacity of the periodontium, the morbid pathobiologic event is injury within the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone, and the signs and symptoms are pain, mobility and/or fremitus, pathologic migration of teeth, excessive occlusal wear, and widening of the periodontal ligament space […]

Gum infection symptoms – With increase in junk food across the world, people are beginning to come across new kinds of diseases and medical conditions. Many of these conditions are related to the dental health of a person. Infection in gums is a very common problem faced by many throughout the world. The gum infection symptoms are either […]

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The question Is gingivitis contagious is often asked by many people as this is one of the most common diseases that is prevalent in nearly all age groups of the society. It is essentially caused by the bacteria infection around the gums and teeth inside the mouth. Although, the first answer to the question Is gingivitis […]

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The etiology of the periodontal disease is multifactorial, but bacterial plaque is necessary tor the initiation and progress kin of inflammatory periodontal disease. As indicated by the new Classification System for periodontal disease and Conditions, etiologic factors have become the framework for periodontal diagnosis and classification What Is Inflammation? Inflammation is a soft tissue cellular […]

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Gingivitis

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Gingivitis is inflammation of the gingival tissues in the absence of clinical attachment lost. It may be characterized by edema, erythema, increased gingival temperature, and occasionally pain. As the inflammation and loss of connective tissue is confined to the soft tissues, teeth are not in jeopardy of being lost. Gingivitis is ordinarily reversible with appropriate […]

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Periodontal disease classification- The 1989 World Workshop in Clinical Periodontics recommended the following categories of periodontitis. This system is the one most familiar to a majority of clinicians. I. Adult periodontitis Early-onset periodontitis A. Prepubertal periodontitis 1. Generalized 2. Localized B. Juvenile periodontitis 1. Generalized 2. Localized C. Rapidly progressive periodontitis Ill. Periodontitis associated with systemic […]

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Concepts about the etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of the periodontal infection have changed significantly over the years. New levels ot understanding are reflected in the periodontal disease classification systems for these diseases and conditions. The two most recent widely accepted classification systems of the periodontal infection and conditions were developed in 1989 and 1999. The […]

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Risk factors for periodontal disease – The expression risk in this context means that, in the presence of a given factor, injury to or loss of periodontal tissue is a possibility. Risk factors may be local or systemic in nature. Local contributing risk factors for periodontal disease fall into two general categories: Anatomic or iatrogenic. They […]

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The new periodontitis classification is more descriptive and not temporal as was the previous system. The terms adult, juvenile, early onset, and prepubertal have been replaced with various forms of chronic and aggressive disease. In addition, many periodontal conditions that were not addressed in any previous periodontitis classification system have been described. The term refractory […]

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Dental calculus

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Dental calculus is mineralized, mature plaque covered on its surface with nonmineralized plaque, material alba, desquamated epithelial cells, and formed blood elements The bacterial components are largely branched and unbranched filamentous microorganisms that are usually nonvital or display minimal metabolic activity. These bacteria probably alay a role in the mineralization of dental calculus as inorganic […]

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